What to See & Do
- First Pylon: Entrance of Temple
Things not to miss: There is a huge relief that depicts Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos. He is holding the hair of a band of enemies and raising his club to catch them. Isis, the falcon-headed Horus of Edfu, and Hathor are on the left.
Above these are two reliefs of Neos Dionysos that presents the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt to Horus and Nephthys (right). Also, they are giving incense to Isis and Harpocrates (left).
- Forecourt: Main Courtyard
Things not to miss: This main courtyard of the temple has interesting reliefs in the last the chamber. They showcase scenes from Horus’s childhood which has Horus as a falcon in the swamps of Delta and Isis is breastfeeding him.
- Second Pylon: Doorway to enter the Inner Temple
Things not to miss: There is a beautiful relief of a large figure of Neos Dionysos on the lower part of the doorway. It is depicting the slaughtered animals that were sacrificed to Horus and Hathor.
Next, you will see two small reliefs.
Right Side – the kings giving a garland to Horus and Nephthys.
Left Side – the kings offering incense to Osiris, Isis and Horus and simultaneously pouring water on the altar.
See More Places in Aswan:
- Vestibule: Entering the Inner Temple
Things not to miss: Although the reliefs were left unfinished but still they are worth a visit.
The south wall door has amazing relief that depicts Horus seated on a bench with Nephthys and Isis giving the crowns of Lower and Upper Egypt. Thoth (on left) and Seshat, the goddess of writing (right), writes the name of the king on a palm branch. Also, behind Thoth is the air god Shu, holding a sail.
Further, the reliefs shows Osiris tomb at Abaton, with a crocodile carrying the body of Osiris.
On the left is the door where unfinished reliefs can be seen. It shows the king making grants of land while above are three lines in Meroitic cursive script.
The right wall has a famous relief that shows the source of Nile River – the god of the Nile. They are standing with a snake wrapped around his body. Moreover, they are pouring water from two jars under a rocky crag on which a vulture and a falcon are resting.
There is the soul of Osiris in the form of a bird within the sacred grove Hathor, Isis, Nephthys, Horus, and Amun worshiped it.
- The Sanctuary: Isis House
After you pass several antechambers, you will finally come to the Sanctuary which is lit by two small windows.
The granite base in this area holds the sacred barque showcasing the image of Isis. On the left of the first antechamber sits a small room that has reliefs of the kings in the presence of Isis.
And lastly, on the west side of the room stands a door that leads out of the temple to arrive at the Gateway of Hadrian.
Things not to miss: On the lintel, Hadrian is making offerings to Osiris, Isis, and Harsiesis, Nephthys, and Harendotes.
- On the left is the sacred relic of Abydos,
- On the right hand is the djed (one of the more ancient and commonly found symbols in ancient Egyptian religion) pillar of Osiris.
Within the gateway, Marcus Aurelius is represented in the existence of Osiris and Isis. While Marcus Aurelius makes offerings of food, including grapes, and flowers to Isis.
The northern end of the Philae temple complex houses various Roman and Byzantine remains. These includes two Coptic churches, the remnants of a monastery, and the ruins of the Temple of Augustus.